Buku Fisika Tekonologi Jilid 3 Kelas 12 SMK

SMK Kelas 12

Buku Fisika Tekonologi Jilid 3 Kelas 12 SMK
Kelas 12
Pengarang Endarto,dkk
Penerbit Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional
Tahun 2008
Baca Online Beli Buku

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Materi Fisika Tekonologi Jilid 3


KATA PENGANTAR .................................................................... ii
DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................ iv
BUKU JILID 1

BAB 1 .......................................................................................... 1
BESARAN DAN SATUAN ........................................................... 1
1.1 BESARAN DAN SATUAN ............................................. 3
1.2 STANDAR SATUAN BESARAN ................................... 5
1.3 MACAM ALAT UKUR .................................................... 8
1.4 KONVERSI SATUAN .................................................. 15
1.5 DIMENSI ...................................................................... 17
1.6 ANGKA PENTING........................................................ 19
1.7 NOTASI ILMIAH (BENTUK BAKU) ............................. 21
1.8 PENGUKURAN ........................................................... 21
1.9 VEKTOR...................................................................... 26
1.10 RANGKUMAN ............................................................. 35
1.11 TUGAS MANDIRI ........................................................ 35
1.12. SOAL UJI KOMPETENSI ............................................ 37

BAB 2 ........................................................................................ 42
MENERAPKAN HUKUM GERAK DAN GAYA .......................... 42
2.1 GERAK DAN GAYA .................................................... 47
2.2 GERAK LURUS BERATURAN (GLB) ......................... 48
2.3 GERAK LURUS BERUBAH BERATURAN (GLBB) .... 50
2.4 HUKUM - HUKUM NEWTON TENTANG GERAK ...... 56
2.5 GERAK BENDA YANG DIHUBUNGKAN DENGAN
KATROL ................................................................................ 61
2.6 BENDA BERGERAK PADA BIDANG MIRING ........... 62
2.7 GAYA GESEK ............................................................. 62
2.8 GERAK MELENGKUNG ............................................. 66
2.9 KEGIATAN .................................................................. 75
2.10 RANGKUMAN ............................................................. 76
2. 11 SOAL UJI KOMPETENSI ............................................ 77

BAB 3 ........................................................................................ 85
DINAMIKA ROTASI DAN KESETIMBANGAN BENDA TEGAR85
3.1 DINAMIKA ROTASI .................................................... 87
3.2. KECEPATAN DAN PERCEPATAN ANGULAR .......... 88
3.3. TORSI DAN MOMEN INERSIA .................................. 91
3.4. PEMECAHAN MASALAH DINAMIKA ROTASI DENGAN
HUKUM KEKEKALAN ENERGI MEKANIK ........................... 97
3.5. HUKUM KEKEKALAN MOMENTUM SUDUT........... 101
3.6 KESETIMBANGAN BENDA ...................................... 103
3.7 RANGKUMAN ........................................................... 109
3.8 SOAL KOMPETENSI ................................................ 110

BAB 4 .................................................................................. 113
USAHA DAN ENERGI ......................................................... 113
4.1 USAHA ...................................................................... 115
4.2 DAYA ........................................................................ 119
4.3 KONSEP ENERGI .................................................... 120
4.4 ENERGI MEKANIK ................................................... 122
4.5 KERJA OLEH GAYA KONSERVATIF DAN OLEH
GAYA NON-KONSERVATIF ............................................... 124
4.6 KEGIATAN ................................................................ 126
4.7 RANGKUMAN ........................................................... 127
4.8 SOAL UJI KOMPETENSI.......................................... 128

BAB 5 ...................................................................................... 131
MOMENTUM DAN IMPULS .................................................... 131
5.1 PENGERTIAN MOMENTUM DAN IMPULS ............. 133
5.2 IMPULS SEBAGAI PERUBAHAN MOMENTUM ...... 134
5.3 HUKUM KEKEKALAN MOMENTUM ........................ 135
5.4 TUMBUKAN .............................................................. 137
5.5 KEGIATAN ................................................................ 139
5.6 RANGKUMAN ........................................................... 140

BAB 6 ...................................................................................... 143
SIFAT MEKANIK BAHAN ........................................................ 143
6.1. SIFAT MEKANIK BAHAN ......................................... 145
6.2 RANGKUMAN ........................................................... 160
6.3 SOAL UJI KOMPETENSI.......................................... 162
BUKU JILID 2

BAB 7 ...................................................................................... 165
SUHU DAN KALOR ................................................................ 165
7.1 PENGUKURAN TEMPERATUR ............................... 167
7.2 TEMPERATUR GAS IDEAL, TERMOMETER
CELCIUS, DAN TERMOMETER FAHRENHEIT ................. 168
7.3 ASAS BLACK DAN KALORIMETRI .......................... 169
7.4 HANTARAN KALOR. ................................................ 170

BAB 8 ...................................................................................... 181
DINAMIKA FLUIDA.................................................................. 181
A. FLUIDA STATIS ........................................................ 183
B. TEGANGAN PERMUKAAN DAN VISKOSITAS ZAT
CAIR .................................................................................. 192
C. FLUIDA DINAMIS...................................................... 196

BAB 9 ...................................................................................... 213
TERMODINAMIKA .................................................................. 213
9.1 SISTEM, KEADAAN SISTEM, DAN KOORDINAT
TERMODINAMIKA .............................................................. 215
9.2 KEADAAN SETIMBANG ........................................... 216
9.3 HUKUM TERMODINAMIKA KE NOL DAN
TEMPERATUR .......................................................................................................................... 217
9.4 PERSAMAAN KEADAAN.......................................... 224
9.5 PERSAMAAN KEADAAN GAS IDEAL...................... 225
9.6 DIAGRAM PT, DIAGRAM PV, DAN PERMUKAAN PVT
UNTUK ZAT MURNI ............................................................ 226
9.7 DIAGRAM PV, DIAGRAM PT, DAN PERMUKAAN PVT
UNTUK GAS IDEAL ............................................................ 227
9.8 KERJA ....................................................................... 228
9.10 KERJA PADA PROSES IRREVERSIBLE (TAK
REVERSIBLE) ..................................................................... 229
9.11 KALOR DAN HUKUM TERMODINAMIKA I .............. 231

BAB 10..................................................................................... 261
GETARAN, GELOMBANG DAN BUNYI.................................. 261
10.1 HAKEKAT GETARAN ............................................... 263
10.2. FORMULASI GETARAN ........................................... 271
10.3 ENERGI GETARAN .................................................. 273
10.4 HAKEKAT GELOMBANG ......................................... 282
10.5 KECEPATAN RAMBAT GELOMBANG .................... 287
10.6 PERSAMAAN GELOMBANG.................................... 291
10.7 GELOMBANG BUNYI ............................................... 293
10.8 EFEK DOPPLER ....................................................... 301
10.9 RANGKUMAN ........................................................... 304
10.10 SOAL / UJI KOMPETENSI ........................................ 305

BAB 11..................................................................................... 309
MEDAN MAGNET ................................................................... 309
11.1 INDUKSI MAGNET ....................................................... 312
11.2 MEDAN MAGNET OLEH ARUS LISTRIK ................ 315
11.3 INDUKSI MAGNET OLEH KAWAT LINGKARAN. .... 317
11.4 INDUKSI MAGNET OLEH SOLENOIDA. ................. 319
11.5 INDUKSI MAGNET OLEH TOROIDA. ...................... 320
11.6 GERAK MUATAN LISTRIK DAN MEDAN MAGNET 321
11.7 KUMPARAN DALAM MEDAN MAGNET .................. 323
11.8 PEMAKAIAN MEDAN MAGNET ............................... 326
11.9 ALAT-ALAT UKUR LISTRIK ..................................... 329
11.10 GELOMBANG ELEKTROMAGNETIK ...................... 331
11.11 UJI KOMPETENSI .................................................... 336
BUKU JILID 3

BAB 12 ................................................................................... 341
OPTIKA GEOMETRI ............................................................... 341
12.1. OPTIKA GEOMETRI ................................................. 344
12.2. SIFAT GELOMBANG DARI CAHAYA ...................... 370
12.3. ALAT-ALAT OPTIK ................................................... 376
12.4. PERCOBAAN............................................................ 388
12.5. SOAL UJI KOMPETENSI.......................................... 389
12.6. RANGKUMAN ........................................................... 390
12.7. SOAL-SOAL .............................................................. 393

BAB 13 .................................................................................... 397
LISTRIK STATIS DAN DINAMIS ............................................. 397
13.1 URAIAN DAN CONTOH SOAL ................................. 399
13.2 MUATAN LISTRIK .................................................... 399
13.3. HUKUM COULOMB .................................................. 400
13.4 MEDAN LISTRIK....................................................... 406
13.5 KUAT MEDAN LISTRIK ............................................ 408
13.6 HUKUM GAUSS ....................................................... 412
13.7 POTENSIAL DAN ENERGI POTENSIAL ................. 417
13.8 KAPASITOR.............................................................. 420
13.9 UJI KOMPETENSI .................................................... 434

BAB 14 .................................................................................... 437
RANGKAIAN ARUS SEARAH................................................. 437
14.1 ARUS SEARAH DALAM TINJAU MIKROSKOPIS ... 440
14.2 HUKUM OHM............................................................ 446
14.3 GGL DAN RESISTANSI DALAM .............................. 447
14.4 HUKUM KIRCHHOFF ............................................... 450
14.5 SAMBUNGAN RESISTOR........................................ 453
14.6 RANGKUMAN ........................................................... 478
14.7 SOAL UJI KOMPETENSI .......................................... 479

BAB 15 .................................................................................. 487
ARUS BOLAK BALIK............................................................... 487
15.1 RESISTOR DALAM RANGKAIAN SUMBER
TEGANGAN SEARAH ......................................................... 490
15.2 GEJALA PERALIHAN PADA INDUKTOR................. 491
15.3 GEJALA TRANSIEN PADA KAPASITOR ................. 494
15.4. SUMBER TEGANGAN BOLAK BALIK...................... 501
15.5. RESISTOR DALAM RANGKAIAN SUMBER
TEGANGAN BOLAK BALIK ................................................ 502
15.6. NILAI ROOT–MEANS–SQUARED (RMS) UNTUK
TEGANGAN DAN ARUS BOLAK BALIK ............................. 504
15.7. DAYA DALAM RANGKAIAN ARUS BOLAK BALIK .. 505
15.8. INDUKTOR DALAM RANGKAIAN ARUS BOLAK BALIK 506
15.9. RANGKAIAN RLC–SERI........................................... 510
15.10 IMPEDANSI............................................................... 511
15.11 PERUMUSAN IMPEDANSI RANGKAIAN RL–SERI 515
15.12 PERUMUSAN IMPEDANSI RANGKAIAN RC–SERI 515
15.13 PERUMUSAN IMPEDANSI RANGKAIAN RLC–SERI518
15.14 RESONANSI PADA RANGKAIAN RLC–SERI.......... 519
15.15 RINGKASAN RANGKAIAN RLC–SERI DALAM ARUS BOLAK BALIK...................................................................... 521
15.16. SOAL UJI KOMPETENSI .......................................... 529
15.17 RANGKUMAN ........................................................... 534

LAMPIRAN A DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN B GLOSARIUM