Buku Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam 4 Kelas 4 SD

Buku Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam 4 Kelas 4 SD


Kelas 4
Pengarang Yustina Beny, Murtini
Penerbit Pusat Kurikulum dan Perbukuan Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional
Tahun 2010
Bagikan kepada teman anda.

Materi Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam 4

Kata Sambutan ................................................................................................ iii
Pendahuluan .................................................................................................... iv
Daftar Isi ............... ........................................................................................... v

Bab 1 Rangka dan Pemeliharaannya ........................................................1
A. Jenis Rangka ............................................................................... 3
B. Kegunaan Rangka ....................................................................... 5
C. Penyusun Rangka ....................................................................... 6
D. Bagian-bagian Rangka Manusia ................................................... 8
E. Penyakit dan Cara Perawatan Rangka ......................................... 12
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 16

Bab 2 Alat Indra dan Pemeliharaannya....................................................19
A. Indra Penglihatan (Mata) ..............................................................21
B. Indra Pendengaran (Telinga) ........................................................ 25
C. Indra Pengecap (Lidah) ................................................................ 27
D. Indra Pembau (Hidung) ................................................................. 29
E. Indra Peraba (Kulit) ...................................................................... 30
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 32

Bab 3 Bagian-Bagian Tumbuhan ............................................................... 35
A. Akar ............................................................................................. 37
B. Batang ......................................................................................... 39
C. Daun ............................................................................................ 41
D. Bunga .......................................................................................... 43
E . Buah ............................................................................................ 44
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 46

Bab 4 Penggolongan Hewan Berdasarkan Jenis Makanannya ..............49
A. Hewan pemakan tumbuhan (Herbivor) ..........................................51
B. Hewan pemakan daging (Karnivor) ............................................... 51
C. Hewan pemakan segala (Omnivor) .............................................. 52
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 53

Bab 5 Daur Hidup Hewan........................................................................... 55
A. Daur Hidup Beberapa Jenis hewan ............................................... 56
B. Memperlakukan Hewan ................................................................ 61
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 64

Bab 6 Ekosistem .......................................................................................... 67
A. Hubungan saling ketergantungan (Simbiosis) ..............................69
B. Rantai makanan ........................................................................... 72
C. Ekosistem ................................................................................... 74
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 77

Bab 7 Wujud Benda .................................................................................... 79
A. Sifat-Sifat Benda Padat ................................................................82
B. Sifat-sifat Benda Cair ................................................................... 83
C. Sifat-sifat Benda Gas ................................................................... 86
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 88

Bab 8 Perubahan Wujud Benda ................................................................ 91
A. Perubahan wujud benda padat, cair , dan gas ............................... 92
B. Perubahan Wujud dapat Balik ...................................................... 96
C. Perubahan Wujud yang Tidak Dapat Balik ................................... 98
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 100

Bab 9 Benda dan Kegunaannya ................................................................ 103
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 108
Bab 10 Gaya.................................................................................................. 109
A. Gaya Mempengaruhi Gerak dan Bentuk Suatu Benda ................111
B. Gaya di dalam Air ........................................................................115
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 118

Bab 11 Energi ................................................................................................ 121
A. Energi Panas ............................................................................... 124
B. Energi Bunyi ................................................................................ 129
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 134

Bab 12 Energi Alternatif............................................................................... 137
A. Energi Matahari ............................................................................139
B. Energi Angin ................................................................................ 140
C. Energi Panas Bumi (Geotermal) ................................................... 141
D. Energi Air ..................................................................................... 141
E. Bahan Bakar Biomassa ............................................................... 142
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 144

Bab 13 Karya T eknologi Sederhana ............................................................ 147
A. Penerapan Perubahan Energi Gerak Dipengaruhi Udara ..............148
B. Perubahan Energi Gerak menjadi Energi Bunyi ............................ 153
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 156

Bab 14 Kenampakan Bumi dan Benda Langit...........................................157
A. Perubahan Penampakan Bumi .....................................................159
B. Penampakan Bulan ...................................................................... 162
C. Penampakan Bintang ................................................................... 163
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 165

Bab 15 Perubahan Kenampakan Permukaan Bumi.................................. 167
A. Penyebab Perubahan Permukaan Bumi .....................................168
B. Pencegahan Perubahan Lingkungan ............................................ 179
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 181

Bab 16 Sumber Daya Alam.......................................................................... 183
A. Asal Sumber Daya Ala.............................................................. 185
B. Pengolahan dan Penggunaan Hasil Alam ..................................... 186
C. Pengambilan Sumber Daya Alam................................................. 187
Latihan Akhir Bab ............................................................................................. 192
Latihan Akhir Tahun Ajaran ............................................................................... 194

Glosarium ........................................................................................................ 200
Daftar Pustaka ................................................................................................. 201

Kunci Jawaban ... .............................................................................................. 202