Buku Praktis Belajar Biologi Kelas 12 SMA

SMA Kelas 12

Buku Praktis Belajar Biologi  Kelas 12 SMA
Kelas 12
Pengarang Fictor Ferdinand P., Moekti Ariebowo
Penerbit Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional
Tahun 2009
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Materi Praktis Belajar Biologi

Petunjuk Penggunaan Buku v
Kata Pengantar • vi

Bab 5 Pola Pewarisan Sifat Organisme ...................................... 79
A.Pewarisan Sifat .......................................................................................... 80
B.Pola-Pola Hereditas ..................................................................................... 81
C.Hereditas dan Penyakit Turunan .................................................................... 99
Rangkuman ......................................................................................................... 106
Peta Konsep ....................................................................................................... 106
Evaluasi Materi Bab 5 ......................................................................................... 107

Bab 4 Reproduksi Sel............................................................... 65
A.Mitosis ....................................................................................................... 66
B.Meiosis ....................................................................................................... 70
C.Pembentukan Gamet (Gametogenesis) .......................................................... 73
Rangkuman ......................................................................................................... 76
Peta Konsep ....................................................................................................... 77
Evaluasi Materi Bab 4 ......................................................................................... 77

Bab 3 Substansi Genetik .......................................................... 43
A.Kromosom .................................................................................................. 44
B.Gen ............................................................................................................ 47
C.Alel............................................................................................................ 49
D.D N A ........................................................................................................... 51
E.R N A ........................................................................................................... 54
F.Kode Genetik ............................................................................................... 56
G.Sintesis Protein .......................................................................................... 58
Rangkuman ......................................................................................................... 61
Peta Konsep ....................................................................................................... 62
Evaluasi Materi Bab 3 ......................................................................................... 63

Bab 2 Metabolisme .................................................................. 17
A.Molekul yang Berperan dalam Metabolisme .................................................... 18
B.Metabolisme Karbohidrat ............................................................................. 24
C.Hubungan antara Katabolisme Karbohidrat, Lemak, dan Protein ...................... 38
Rangkuman ......................................................................................................... 40
Peta Konsep ....................................................................................................... 41
Evaluasi Materi Bab 2 ......................................................................................... 41

Semester 1
Bab 1 Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan ....................................... 1
A.Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan pada Tumbuhan ........................................... 2
B.Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan
Tumbuhan .................................................................................................... 6
Rangkuman ......................................................................................................... 12
Peta Konsep ....................................................................................................... 13
Evaluasi Materi Bab 1 ......................................................................................... 13
Kegiatan Semester 1 .......................................................................................... 16

Bab 6 Mutasi ........................................................................ 109
A.Macam-Macam Mutasi ................................................................................ 110
B.Penyebab Mutasi ......................................................................................... 118
C.Dampak Mutasi ........................................................................................... 119
Rangkuman ......................................................................................................... 120
Peta Konsep ....................................................................................................... 120
Evaluasi Materi Bab 6 ......................................................................................... 121
Evaluasi Materi Semester 1 ................................................................................ 123

Bab 7 Evolusi ........................................................................ 125
A.Teori Evolusi ................................................................................................ 126
B.Mekanisme Evolusi ....................................................................................... 134
C.Asal-Usul Kehidupan .................................................................................... 142
Rangkuman ......................................................................................................... 150
Peta Konsep ....................................................................................................... 151
Evaluasi Materi Bab 7 ......................................................................................... 151
Kegiatan Semester 2 .......................................................................................... 154

Bab 8 Bioteknologi ................................................................. 155
A.Prinsip Dasar Bioteknologi ........................................................................... 156
B.Jenis-Jenis Bioteknologi ............................................................................... 157
C.Sifat Dasar Mikroorganisme ......................................................................... 158
D.Produk dan Jasa .......................................................................................... 160
E.Implikasi Bioteknologi ................................................................................... 167
Rangkuman ......................................................................................................... 169
Peta Konsep ....................................................................................................... 170
Evaluasi Materi Bab 8 ......................................................................................... 171
Evaluasi Materi Semester 2 ................................................................................ 173
Evaluasi Materi Akhir Tahun ................................................................................. 175
Apendiks 1 ......................................................................................................... 179
Apendiks 2 ......................................................................................................... 184
Kamus Biologi ..................................................................................................... 185
Indeks ................................................................................................................ 189

Daftar Pustaka ................................................................................................... 193