Buku Sosiologi Kelas 11 SMA

Buku Sosiologi Kelas 11 SMA


Kelas 11
Pengarang Puji Raharjo
Penerbit Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional
Tahun 2009
Bagikan kepada teman anda.

Materi Sosiologi


Halaman judul ......................................................................................... i
Copyright ................................................................................................. ii
Kata Sambutan ....................................................................................... iii
Kata pengantar ....................................................................................... iv
Daftar isi .................................................................................................. v
SEMESTER PERTAMA

Bab 1 Struktur Sosial ........................................................................... 1
Alur Pemikiran .......................................................................................... 2
A. Pengantar .......................................................................................... 3
B. Pengertian Struktur Sosial ................................................................. 4
1. Struktur Kaku dan Struktur Luwes ......................................................... 5
2. Struktur Formal dan Struktur Informal .................................................... 5
3. Struktur Homogen dan Struktur Heterogen ............................................ 5
4. Struktur Mekanis dan Struktur Statistik .................................................. 6
5. Struktur Kewibawaan dan Struktur Kerja Sama ..................................... 6
6. Struktur Atas dan Struktur Bawah .......................................................... 6
C. Status Sosial ...................................................................................... 7
1. Macam-Macam Status Sosial ................................................................ 7
2. Kon? ik Status Sosial .............................................................................. 10
D. Peran Sosial ....................................................................................... 10
1. Peran Pekerja Sosial dalam Community Development ......................... 11
2. Kon? ik Peran Sosial ............................................................................... 16
E. Hubungan antara Interaksi Sosial dengan Status dan Peran
Sosial ................................................................................................. 17
F. Bentuk-Bentuk Struktur Sosial dalam Masyarakat ............................. 18
1. Diferensiasi Sosial .................................................................................. 19
2. Strati? kasi Sosial .................................................................................... 21
Rangkuman .............................................................................................. 30
Glosarium ................................................................................................. 31
Uji Kompetensi Siswa ............................................................................... 32

Bab 2 Kon? ik Sosial ............................................................................. 37
Alur Pemikiran .......................................................................................... 38
A. Pengantar .......................................................................................... 39
Sosiologi XI vi
B. Faktor-Faktor Penyebab Kon? ik Sosial .............................................. 39
1. Perbedaan Antarindividu ........................................................................ 41
2. Perbedaan Kebudayaan ........................................................................ 42
3. Perbedaan Kepentingan ........................................................................ 43
4. Perubahan Sosial ................................................................................... 44
C. Bentuk-Bentuk Kon? ik berdasarkan Ruang Lingkupnya .................... 45
1. Kon? ik Antarkelas ................................................................................... 46
2. Kon? ik Antarkelompok ............................................................................ 47
3. Kon? ik Antargenerasi ............................................................................. 48
4. Kon? ik Antaretnis, Agama, dan Golongan .............................................. 49
Rangkuman .............................................................................................. 52
Glosarium ................................................................................................. 53
Uji Kompetensi Siswa ............................................................................... 54

Bab 3 Hubungan Struktur Sosial dengan Mobilitas Sosial .............. 59
Alur Pemikiran .......................................................................................... 60
A. Pengantar .......................................................................................... 61
B. Pengertian Mobilitas Sosial ................................................................ 62
C. Jenis-jenis Mobilitas Sosial ................................................................ 63
1. Mobilitas Horizontal ................................................................................ 63
2. Mobilitas Vertikal .................................................................................... 64
D. Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Mobilitas Sosial ............................ 66
1. Status Sosial .......................................................................................... 66
2. Kondisi Ekonomi .................................................................................... 67
3. Situasi Politik .......................................................................................... 68
4. Pertambahan Penduduk ........................................................................ 69
5. Petualangan ........................................................................................... 70
E. Saluran Mobilitas Sosial ..................................................................... 70
1. Perubahan Tempat Tinggal .................................................................... 70
2. Perkawinan ............................................................................................ 71
3. Keanggotaan dalam Organisasi ............................................................. 71
4. Tingkat Pendidikan ................................................................................. 72
Rangkuman .............................................................................................. 74
Glosarium ................................................................................................. 75
Ujian Semester Pertama ........................................................................ 81
SEMESTER KEDUA

Bab 4 Kelompok Sosial dalam Masyarakat Multikultural ................. 85
Alur Pemikiran .......................................................................................... 86
A. Pengantar .......................................................................................... 87
B. Pengertian Kelompok Sosial .............................................................. 88
vii
D. Tipe-Tipe Kelompok Sosial ................................................................ 89
1. Kelompok Sosial menurut Proses Terbentuknya ................................... 90
2. Kelompok Sosial menurut Ikatannya ...................................................... 96
3. Komunitas .............................................................................................. 97
4. Organisasi Sosial ................................................................................... 98
D. Kelompok Sosial dalam Masyarakat Multikultural Indonesia ............. 101
1. Pengertian Masyarakat Multikultural ...................................................... 101
Rangkuman .............................................................................................. 121
Glosarium ................................................................................................. 122
Uji Kompetensi Siswa ............................................................................... 124

Bab 5 Perkembangan Kelompok Sosial dalam Masyarakat
Multikultural ............................................................................... 129
Alur Pemikiran .......................................................................................... 130
A. Pengantar .......................................................................................... 131
B. Unsur-Unsur Kemajemukan dalam Masyarakat ................................ 132
1. Ciri Fisik ................................................................................................. 132
2. Ciri Sosial ............................................................................................... 136
3. Ciri Budaya ............................................................................................. 137
C. Perkembangan Kelompok Sosial dalam Masyarakat
Multikultural ........................................................................................ 140
1. Diskriminasi ............................................................................................ 141
2. Dominasi ................................................................................................ 143
3. Akulturasi ............................................................................................... 144
4. Pluralisme .............................................................................................. 145
5. Integrasi ................................................................................................. 146
Rangkuman .............................................................................................. 149
Glosarium ................................................................................................. 150
Uji Kompetensi Siswa ............................................................................... 151

Bab 6 Analisis Keanekaragaman Kelompok Sosial dalam
Masyarakat Multikultural ........................................................... 155
Alur Pemikiran .......................................................................................... 156
A. Pengantar .......................................................................................... 157
B. Pendekatan Teoritis dalam Menganalisis Keanekaragaman
Masyarakat Indonesia ........................................................................ 157
1. Teori Fungsional Struktural .................................................................... 158
2. Teori Kon? ik ............................................................................................ 159
3. Analisis Keanekaragaman Masyarakat Indonesia ................................. 160
Sosiologi XI viii
C. Faktor Penyebab Keanekaragaman Masyarakat Indonesia .............. 164
1. Faktor Sejarah ........................................................................................ 164
2. Faktor Geogra? ...................................................................................... 165
3. Faktor Iklim ............................................................................................. 166
4. Faktor Letak ........................................................................................... 167
5. Faktor Agama ......................................................................................... 168
Rangkuman .............................................................................................. 171

Glosarium ................................................................................................. 172
Uji Kompetensi Siswa ............................................................................... 174
Ujian Semester Kedua ............................................................................ 179
Indeks ....................................................................................................... 183
Daftar Pustaka .......................................................................................... 186